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  • 標  題: India Status, Opportunity, Challenges, Barriers, Entry Model and Threats
    作  者: Green Trade Project Office Taiwan External Trade Development Council, Mumbai India
    發佈日期: 2018/08/08
    簡介內容:

    The development of wind power in India began in the 1990s, and has progressed steadily in the last few years. Currently, India has the fourth largest installed wind power capacity in the world. Wind power accounts for 6% of India's total installed power capacity, and it generates 1.6% of the country's power. In the recently released National Electricity Plan (2012) the Central Electricity Authority projected the need for 350-360 GW of total generation capacity by 2022. Despite major capacity additions over recent decades, power supply struggles to keep up with demand. Wind power accounts for about 70% of this installed capacity. Under the New Policies Scenario of the World Energy Outlook (2011), total power capacity in India would reach 779GW in 2035. To reach 779 GW in 2035, capacity must grow at a CAGR of 5.9%, or over 20GW per year from 2009 through 2035. The installed capacity from renewable energy sources is 42,849 MW as on 31.03.2016. Share of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in the total installed capacity is about 13%. However, the share of renewables will substantially increase in coming years due to major thrust given by Government of India in promoting Renewable energy sources on account of these sources being clean and green. India is one of the best recipient of solar energy due to its location in the solar belt and has vast solar potential of 749 GW for power generation. Also, India has substantial wind potential of 103 GW due to its long coastline. In India, as on 31.03.2016, the total RES capacity was 42,849 MW out of total Installed Generation Capacity of 302,088 MW. This represents almost 14.2% of the total Installed Capacity. An Action Plan has been formulated by Government of India for achievement of a total capacity of 175,000 MW from Renewable Energy Sources by March, 2022.In addition to the progress made in wind turbine installed capacities, the progress of the overall wind energy ecosystem has been encouraging as well. Pointers to this are the increasing number of component manufacturers and the rapid utilization of India's land for wind energy. While the growth of wind power in India was largely driven by tax incentives until recently, it is expected that more IPPs (independent power producers) will be interested in investing in this segment with the recent announcement of generation-based incentives (GBI).

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