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微電網產業地圖

  微電網是由分散式能源與負載所構成之區域型電力系統,藉由資通訊及電力監控技術,可以與中央電網互連協調運行,或孤島運轉提供區域電網內負載電力平衡。微電網主要應用場域包含偏遠/離島地區、社區/電力公司配電網、學校/機構、工商業園區,與軍事基地。

  微電網產業之上游為各類分散式能源,依據系統設計複雜度所需的設備不盡相同,包含太陽能、中小型風力發電機、燃料電池、微型發電機(如微型氣渦輪發電機、柴油發電機),以及儲能電池(如鋰電池、鉛酸電池)等。中游為電力轉換系統/逆變器、電纜、配電設備、監控與能源管理系統、電力品質改善設備、保護電驛及資通訊設備等關鍵設備。下游系統整合與建置包含案場開發、EPC及系統整合,微電網系統屬於高度客製化設計,故系統整合商扮演重要角色,業務內容包含微電網設計與系統整合解決方案等;而下游微電網營運管理則主要負責商業營運及維護等。

  臺灣微電網產業鏈已成形,並有多個示範場域正在運行,包含澎湖七美島、望安鄉等設有離島型電網;以及屏東縣霧台鄉、牡丹鄉及獅子鄉等偏遠地區設有防災型微電網等。而臺灣業者若欲拓展海外市場,鑒於微電網開發營運業涉及電力供應與銷售,屬於特許行業,建議可與在地業者或NGO等機構建立合作關係,採取以「興建後移轉」或賣「服務」之經營模式進入市場。
上游-分散式能源 下游-系統整合與建置 下游-營運管理 中游-關鍵設備 image/svg+xml Print 2022-11-01T12:00:34+08:00 2022-11-01T12:00:34+08:00 2022-11-01T12:00:34+08:00 Adobe Illustrator 27.0 (Macintosh) 88 256 JPEG /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgEASABIAAD/7QAsUGhvdG9zaG9wIDMuMAA4QklNA+0AAAAAABAASAAAAAEA AQBIAAAAAQAB/+4ADkFkb2JlAGTAAAAAAf/bAIQABgQEBAUEBgUFBgkGBQYJCwgGBggLDAoKCwoK DBAMDAwMDAwQDA4PEA8ODBMTFBQTExwbGxscHx8fHx8fHx8fHwEHBwcNDA0YEBAYGhURFRofHx8f Hx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8f/8AAEQgBAABYAwER AAIRAQMRAf/EAaIAAAAHAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAAQFAwIGAQAHCAkKCwEAAgIDAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAA AQACAwQFBgcICQoLEAACAQMDAgQCBgcDBAIGAnMBAgMRBAAFIRIxQVEGE2EicYEUMpGhBxWxQiPB UtHhMxZi8CRygvElQzRTkqKyY3PCNUQnk6OzNhdUZHTD0uIIJoMJChgZhJRFRqS0VtNVKBry4/PE 1OT0ZXWFlaW1xdXl9WZ2hpamtsbW5vY3R1dnd4eXp7fH1+f3OEhYaHiImKi4yNjo+Ck5SVlpeYmZ qbnJ2en5KjpKWmp6ipqqusra6voRAAICAQIDBQUEBQYECAMDbQEAAhEDBCESMUEFURNhIgZxgZEy obHwFMHR4SNCFVJicvEzJDRDghaSUyWiY7LCB3PSNeJEgxdUkwgJChgZJjZFGidkdFU38qOzwygp 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